Cyber Security Services Explained

Understanding cyber security services available and how they can support your business.

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Cyber threats are continuously developing, and with them, the cyber security industry. Cyber security providers offer a variety of products and services to support the strengthening of organizations’ cyber security posture, legal due diligence exercises, and cyber incident response, to name a few. 


Whileyou may find similar services under a variety of names, cyber security services can be boiled down to a few select categories. At Blackpanda, we like to  classify them between consulting, risk management, and incident response.


To help you navigate through the complex array of cyber security services available on the market, we have compiled a simplified cyber security services list so that you may better understand your options.

Cyber Security Consulting Services


What is Cyber Defense Consulting?

Cyber Defense Consulting is carried out by specialist consulting firms. A team of dedicated specialists will work with your organization to identify and develop the core competencies necessary for a robust security program in your unique environment, in such a manner that aligns security and business objectives. This type of service is usually recommended for medium to large sized enterprises who need to develop a corporate cyber security strategy, whilst smaller organizations can benefit more from cyber security planning services and tabletop exercises. 


What are Security Planning and Tabletop Exercises?

A cyber security plan specifies the security policies, procedures, and controls required to protect an organization against threats and risk. 


A cyber security plan can also outline the specific steps to take to respond to a breach. Such a plan, covering key steps in incident response, must be put in place to guide cyber incident handling, mitigating attacks and recovery. This plan must follow the SANS Institute and NIST prescribed processes for a methodical and more organized approach.


Much like fire drills, cyber security is a business process that should be actively and regularly practiced such that it becomes second nature even during high-pressure situations. This is where tabletop exercises can come in handy by ensuring that your organization knows exactly what to do in case of a cyber attack. If your organization is interested in building a cyber security plan, companies such as Blackpanda offer cyber security planning and tabletop exercise services.


What is Security Training?

Cybersecurity training, also known as Security Awareness Training, should be a priority for organizations of all sizes. This type of service helps educate employees to understand existing and emerging cyber security concerns. 


Cyber security training encourages employees to understand cyber security issues, identify security risks such as phishing and ransomware, practice good cyber hygiene, and learn the importance of cyber security at an organizational level.

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Cyber Risk Management Services


What is Endpoint Security?

Endpoint security is the practice of securing endpoints or entry points of end-user devices such as desktops, laptops, and mobile devices from being exploited by malicious actors and campaigns. Endpoint security systems protect these endpoints on a network or in the cloud from cybersecurity threats. 

Today, Endpoint security has evolved from traditional antivirus software to providing comprehensive protection from sophisticated malware and evolving zero-day threats.

Organizations of all sizes are at risk of cyber attacks. As the frontline of cyber security, endpoint security is one of the first places organizations should look at to secure their enterprise networks.

Today’s endpoint protection systems are designed to quickly detect known malware, giving administrators visibility into advanced threats to speed up detection and remediation response times.

Blackpanda partners with SentinelOne to provide our clients with top of the range behavioural Endpoint Detection and Response. To mitigate risk, Blackpanda deploys SentinelOne’s cloud-based Singularity XDR in incident response cases to gain comprehensive visibility and automate response to compromised endpoint devices in increasingly distributed environments.

What is Cyber Threat Intelligence?

Threat intelligence uses an intelligence-driven approach to understand the specific threats that an organization faces. In particular, the aim of threat intelligence is to understand who is likely to target what assets, where, when, how and why.


Some solutions also use machine learning to automate data collection and processing, integrate with your existing solutions, take intaker unstructured data from disparate sources, and then connect the dots by providing context on indicators of compromise (IoCs) and the tactics, techniques, and procedures (TTPs) of threat actors.


What is Malware Analysis?

Malware analysis is the study or process of determining the functionality, origin and potential impact of a given malware sample—such as a virus, worm, trojan horse, rootkit, or backdoor—a suspicious file or a URL.


Malware analysis is typically employed within the context of incident response, threat hunting and compromise assessments to determine if a particular software found in the network is malicious, and to project the impact that it may have on the network were it to spread.


What is VAPT?

Vulnerability Assessment & Penetration Testing (VAPT), also known as “penetration testing”, “pen testing”, and “red teaming”, is a preventive exercise aimed at discovering an organization’s cyber security weaknesses and patching them before an attack takes place. 


VAPT follows an “outside–in” approach, looking at the company’s systems from an attacker’s perspective, mimicking the actions an attacker might take when approaching the company’s network. The goal of a VAPT is to find any security bugs or misconfigurations within a software program or a computer network and highlight where the organization needs to focus its cyber security hardening efforts from a defensive structure perspective.


What is a Compromise Assessment?

A Compromise Assessment is essentially what an Incident Response firm would do in the event of a breach: an inside–out investigation and security audit of the organization’s internal environment, applications, infrastructures, and endpoints. 


In particular, Blackpanda’s compromise assessments involve threat hunting specialists performing a thorough, inside-out investigative sweep of your systems to pre-emptively identify any signs of compromise and expose hidden threats in your environment.


Today, as attackers and their methodologies outstrip the abilities of cyber defense, preventative products and services often fail in stopping 100% of breaches. Conducting a Compromise Assessment is akin to defaulting to the last resort in a proactive manner, essentially undertaking the correct assumption that even the most sophisticated cybersecurity defenses cannot guarantee safety. 


Compromise assessments help organizations reduce attack dwell time, account for human error and assure investors, regulators, and other stakeholders of your security. Click here to learn more about Blackpanda compromise assessments.


What is Threat Lookup?

Threat lookups let you know if you are under an attack or threat, track the attack sources and provide you as much information as possible to help you prevent any cyber attack. 


Threat lookups can be used to check an IP or domain status and get information related to it. For example, one can view an IP address’ corresponding country or abuse contact addresses. This is usually done through threat malware lookups and threat fraud lookups. 


Another kind of threat lookup is dark net scanning, which Blackpanda carries out as a part of all compromise assessments or separately, thanks to the DarkOwl tool. DarkOwl Vision Tools allow Blackpanda to scrape over 525 million unique Tor pages, 3 million unique i2p pages, 125 thousand unique ZeroNet pages, over 500 Telegram channels, 10 thousand unique paste site pages, over 400 authenticated SITES, 250 thousand IRC records and 4.5 million ftp/S3 records.


This way, our analysts can discover, analyse, and report stolen, or misappropriated data related to our clients and warn them before the data is used against them. Click here to learn more about Blackpanda’s dark net scanning services.

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Cyber Incident Response Services


What is an Insider Threat Investigation?

Anyone with access to your company's critical information is a potential gateway for bad actors, which is why insider threats can be a dangerous security threat to businesses and organizations. 


Sabotage, IP theft and cyber fraud are amongst the most common types of crimes conducted by or through company insiders. 


Insider threat investigators leverage technologies and law enforcement experience to uncover insider threats and support your team in the due legal procedures that follow such a discovery.


What is Cyber Incident Response?

Incident Response (IR) is the systematic approach to managing a cyber security incident. The goal of incident response is to enable an organization to quickly detect and halt attacks, minimizing damage and preventing future attacks of the same type.


The incident response team will promptly attend the site of the attack and respond to the breach by following the six phases of incident response delineated by the SANS institute—namely Preparation, Identification, Containment, Eradication, Recovery, and Lessons Learned.


Incident response services can usually be accessed through on an ‘as needed’ basislast-minute call, but the best way to ensure your organization is prepared to promptly manage a cyber attack is through a retainer or cyber insurance


To learn more about Blackpanda’s speciality incident response services, click here.

What is Digital Forensics?

Digital forensics is the process of uncovering and interpreting electronic data from digital devices. Data collected from these devices help identify and preserve evidentiary materials in an organization’s digital infrastructure, and can be very important in an investigation relating to a cyber attack.


Digital forensics practices include:

  • File System Forensics - whereby file systems within the endpoint are analyzed for signs of compromise

  • Memory Forensics - whereby the computer memory is analyzed for attack indicators that may not appear within the file system

  • Network Forensics - whereby network activity  -including emailing, messaging and web browsing- is reviewed to identify an attack, understand the cyber criminal’s attack techniques and gauge the scope of the incident

  • Log Analysis - whereby activity records or logs are reviewed and interpreted to identify suspicious activity or anomalous events

On top of this, analysis from the digital forensics team can help shape and strengthen preventative security measures,  such as with compromise assessments. This can enable the organization to reduce overall risk, as well as speed future response times.


While incident response tackles the immediate requirements of breach response, digital forensics enables specialists to piece through the aftermath of an attack in order to better understand how the breach happened in the first place.


To learn more about how Blackpanda can support your company through digital forensics, click here.

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Cyber security services can appear confusing to those who are not familiar with the industry, but knowing the basics of how to navigate this diverse menu can help your organization build up a strong security posture, comply to legal requirements and assure stakeholders. 

Blackpanda is Asia's premier Digital Forensics and Incident Response firm. If you are experiencing a breach, contact us for immediate support.

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